Hukum Mati dalam Islam Sadis ?

Sebuah pemberitaan internasional di salah satu media online terkemuka di Indonesia,
Selasa, 15 Desember 2009 | 13:14 WIB

MOGADISHU, KOMPAS.com – Adegan barbar ini bukan dari Zaman Kegelapan tetapi dilakukan sebuah kelompok militan di Somalia, Minggu (13/12/2009). Kelompok itu memaksa warga desa menonton perajaman hingga tewas seorang pria yang dinyatakan melakukan perzinahan.

http://internasional.kompas.com

Apakah Islam itu sadis ?

Berikut saya kutipkan dari sumber yang lain:

Substansi Hukum Rajam

…Hukuman rajam adalah hukuman mati dengan cara dilempari batu.

Hukum ini hanya dilakukan pada kasus yang sangat tercela dengan syarat benar-benar terdapat bukti menyakinkan bahwa seseorang telah berzina. Meski demikian, tidaklah sembarang tuduhan bisa membawa kepada ketetapan zina. Dan sebaliknya, tuduhan zina bila tidak lengkap akan menggiring penuduhnya ke hukuman yang berat.

Syarat yang harus ada dalam persaksian tuduhan zina adalah

(1) jumlah saksi minimal empat orang yang sudah baligh semua,

(2) saksi ini adalah orang-orang yang waras,

(3) Islam,

(4) mereka melihat langsung peristiwa masuknya kemaluan laki-laki ke dalam kemaluan wanita yang berzina,

(5) para saksi ini bersaksi dengan bahasa yang jelas (bukan kiasan),

(6) mereka melihat peristiwa zina itu bersama-sama dalam satu majelis dan dalam satu waktu,

(7) semua saksi harus laki-laki.

Dan syarat yang paling penting adalah bahwa perbuatan zina itu dilakukan di dalam wilayah hukum yang secara formal menerapkan hukum Islam dan sudah ada ketetapan hukum yang sah dan pasti dari sebuah mahkamah syariah atau pengadilan syariat.

Bukan dilakukan oleh orang per orang atau lembaga swasta, ormas, yayasan, pesantren, pengajian, jamaah majelis taklim, perkumpulan atau majelis ulama, kecuali ada mandat resmi dari pemerintahan yang berkuasa. Syarat menghukumi si penzina itu adalah terpenuhinya kriteria berikut ini padanya; dia Islam, baligh, berakal, merdeka, iffah, tazwij (sudah berkeluarga).

Para ulama telah sepakat menyatakan bahwa pelaku zina muhshin (yang telah menikah) dihukum dengan hukuman rajam.

Dalilnya adalah hadits Rasulullah Saw; dari Masruq dari Abdillah ra. berkata bahwa

Rasulullah Saw bersabda, ‘Tidak halal darah seorang muslim kecuali karena salah satu dari tiga hal: orang yang berzina, orang yang membunuh dan orang yang murtad (keluar) dari jamaah’.

Dan tentunya hukum ini berlaku bagi semua. Dan bukan hanya menjadikan rakyat kecil sebagai objek. Tidak ada yang kebal dengan hukum Allah ini.  Jika kita dikaji lebih mendalam dan cermat lagi, sebenarnya pelaksanaan hukum rajam tidak dengan begitu mudahnya dilaksanakan. Sebab untuk kategori persaksian terhadap perbuatan zina itu sendiri, Islam menggariskan persyaratan yang lumayan susah terpenuhi. Bagaimana tidak? Kesaksian perbuatan zina memerlukan empat orang saksi yang di saat bersamaan harus melihat dengan mata kepala mereka sendiri bagaimana proses zina itu berlangsung. Andaikata jumlah empat tersebut tidak terpenuhi atau kalaupun terpenuhi tapi tidak bisa dipastikan apakah ia melihat dengan sejelas-jelasnya bahwa si tertuduh melakukan perzinaan, maka kesaksiannya dianggap batal demi hukum.

Di zaman Rasulullah Saw, hampir semua kasus perzinahan diputuskan berdasarkan pengakuan para pelaku langsung.

Seperti yang dilakukan kepada seorang wanita Maiz dan Ghamidiyah. Bila orang yang telah berikrar bahwa dirinya itu berzina lalu mencabut kembali pengakuannya, maka hukuman hudud bisa dibatalkan. Pendapat ini didukung oleh  Imam Hanafi, Syafi`i dan Ahmad bin Hanbal.

Secara logika akidah, dengan diberlakukannya hukuman rajam oleh Allah pada syariat umat Muhammad Saw, kita bisa meyakini bahwa bentuk hukuman seperti ini memang masih diperlukan dalam kasus-kasus tertentu di setiap zaman.

Dan meskipun orang-orang barat berteriak dihapuskannya hukuman mati, namun faktanya hukuman mati itu masih diperlukan dan masih mereka jalankan. Bahkan beberapa negara maju masih memberlakukan hukuman ini sampai sekarang. Singapura yang sering dijadikan kiblat kemoderenan di Asia Tenggara, hari ini juga masih menghukum mati orang-orang yang dianggap melakukan pelanggaran berat, tapi kita tidak pernah mendengar menurunnya angka investasi di negara itu, bahkan investor semakin berduyun-duyun kesana. Demikian juga Amerika yang sekarang mengangkat dirinya sebagai polisi dunia dan simbol HAM, masih tetap memberlakukan hukuman mati.

Maka kalau Allah Swt memberlakukan hukuman rajam kepada umat Islam, tentu sangat bisa diterima logika. Dan tentu sangat logis bila umat Islam dengan latar belakang kepatuhan dan ketundukan kepada originalitas agamanya, pada hari ini menerapkan hukuman rajam untuk pemeluk agamanya. Tidak ada cela dan cacat atau melanggar HAM dalam pelaksanaan hukuman seperti itu, apalagi kalau dibandingkan dengan tragedi pembantaian massal yang dilakukan oleh negara maju terhadap dunia ketiga, maka pelaksanaan hukuman rajam buat pelanggar kesalahan berat menjadi tidak ada artinya.

Bandingkan dengan angka-angka pembantaian Amerika dan sekutunya di Afghanistan, Irak, Palestina, Somalia dan belahan muka bumi lainnya. Sungguh apa yang dilakukan oleh super power dunia itu jauh lebih kejam dan sadis ketimbang hukuman rajam, yang hanya menyangkut satu orang saja. Itupun pelanggar susila berat, yaitu orang yang berzina dimana dia pernah menikah sebelumnya.

http://www.harian-aceh.com

Kemudian didukung oleh artikel berbahasa Inggris:

Stoning: Does It Have Any Basis in Shari`ah?

…In the very beginning of Surat An-Nur, it is stated that 100 lashes is the punishment specified for unmarried adulterer and adulteress, Allah says: (The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication,- flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment.) (An-Nur 24: 2).

it’s to be stressed that such punishment should not be a cause of wonder, especially when we know that it had been there in the Divine Scriptures revealed before the Glorious Qur’an. There is a reference to this punishment in the Bible, for instance.

It reads: “If a man is found sleeping with another man’s wife, both the man who slept with her and the woman must die.” (Deuteronomy 22: 22) and also in Leviticus, we find the following verse:”If a man commits adultery with another man’s wife-with the wife of his neighbor-both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death” (Leviticus 20: 10).

…The abrogated verse stated that “A married man and woman, if they commit adultery, stone them to death.”

This verse states clearly that the prescribed punishment for adultery, which means an illegitimate sexual intercourse between a married man and a woman married to another man is stoning to death.

But this offense must be proven either through a confession made voluntarily by the accused or by the testimony of four witnesses who state under oath that they have witnessed the commission of the crime.

It’s only after this legal procedure that the accused will be punished by lapidation. This punishment is agreed upon by scholars and there is no question about it. In citing proofs for this punishment, scholars of Hadith quote `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) as saying that he would have written this verse if not for the fear that it would be viewed as tampering with Allah’s book.

Finally, we would like to note that there are many incidents in the Sunnah and the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in which the Prophet stoned the married adulterer and adulteress to death. This happened in the case of Ma`iz and the Ghamidi woman.

All this makes it clear that the punishment is proven and authentic and is not debatable.

http://www.islamonline.net

Semoga bermanfaat dan menjadikan kita lebih yakin lagi akan Islam sebagai rahmat dan kasih sayang bagi alam semesta.

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The World’s Most Powerful People

“I love power. But it is as an artist that I love it. I love it as a musician loves his violin, to draw out its sounds and chords and harmonies.” –Napoleon Bonaparte

Power has been called many things. The ultimate aphrodisiac. An absolute corrupter. A mistress. A violin. But its true nature remains elusive. After all, a head of state wields a very different sort of power than a religious figure. Can one really compare the influence of a journalist to that of a terrorist? And is power unexercised power at all?

In compiling our first ranking of the World’s Most Powerful People we wrestled with these questions–and many more–before deciding to define power in four dimensions. First, we asked, does the person have influence over lots of other people? Pope Benedict XVI, ranked 11th on our list, is the spiritual leader of more than a billion souls, or about one-sixth of the world’s population, while Wal-Mart ( WMT news people ) CEO Mike Duke (No. 8) is the largest private-sector employer in the United States.

Then we assessed the financial resources controlled by these individuals. Are they relatively large compared with their peers? For heads of state we used GDP, while for CEOs, we looked at a composite ranking of market capitalization, profits, assets and revenues as reflected on our annual ranking of the World’s 2000 Largest Companies. In certain instances, like New York Times Executive Editor Bill Keller (No. 51), we judged the resources at his disposal compared with others in the industry. For billionaires, like Bill Gates (No. 10), net worth was also a factor.

Next we determined if they are powerful in multiple spheres. There are only 67 slots on our list–one for every 100 million people on the planet–so being powerful in just one area is not enough to guarantee a spot. Our picks project their influence in myriad ways. Take Italy’s colorful prime minister, Silvio Berlusconi (No. 12) who is a politician, a media monopolist and owner of soccer powerhouse A.C. Milan, or Oprah Winfrey (No. 45) who can manufacture a best-seller and an American President.

Lastly, we insisted that our choices actively use their power. Ingvar Kamprad, the 83-year-old entrepreneur behind Ikea and the richest man in Europe, was an early candidate for this list, but was excluded because he doesn’t exercise his power. On the other hand, Russian autocrat Vladimir Putin (No. 3) scored points because he likes to throw his weight around by jailing oligarchs, invading neighboring countries and periodically cutting off Western Europe’s supply of natural gas.

To calculate the final rankings, five Forbes senior editors ranked all of our candidates in each of these four dimensions of power. Those individual rankings were averaged into a composite score, which determined who placed above (or below) whom.

U.S. President Barack Obama emerged, unanimously, as the world’s most powerful person, and by a wide margin. But there were a number of surprises. Former President George W. Bush didn’t come close to making the final cut, while his predecessor in the Oval Office, Bill Clinton, ranks 31st, ahead of a number of sitting heads of government. Apple‘s ( AAPL news people ) Steve Jobs easily made the list, while Arnold Schwarzenegger, the movie star governor of California (which alone has an economy larger than Canada’s) did not.

This ranking is intended to be the beginning of a conversation, not the final word. Is the Dalai Lama (No. 39) really more powerful than the president of France (No. 56)? Do despicable criminals like billionaire Mexican drug lord Joaquín Guzmán (No. 41) belong on this list at all? Who did we overlook? What did we get wrong? Join the conversation by commenting now.

  1. Barack Obama
  2. Hu Jintao
  3. Vladimir Putin
  4. Ben S. Bernanke
  5. Sergey Brin and Larry Page
  6. Carlos Slim Helu
  7. Rupert Murdoch
  8. Michael T. Duke
  9. Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Saud
  10. William Gates III
  11. Pope Benedict XVI
  12. Silvio Berlusconi
  13. Jeffrey R. Immelt
  14. Warren Buffett
  15. Angela Merkel
  16. Laurence D. Fink
  17. Hillary Clinton
  18. Lloyd C. Blankfein
  19. Li Changchun
  20. Michael Bloomberg
  21. Timothy Geithner
  22. Rex W. Tillerson
  23. Li Ka-shing
  24. Kim Jong Il
  25. Jean-Claude Trichet
  26. Masaaki Shirakawa
  27. Sheikh Ahmed bin Zayed al Nahyan
  28. Akio Toyoda
  29. Gordon Brown
  30. James S. Dimon
  31. Bill Clinton
  32. William H. Gross
  33. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
  34. Lou Jiwei
  35. Yukio Hatoyama
  36. Manmohan Singh
  37. Osama bin Laden
  38. Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani
  39. Tenzin Gyatso
  40. Ali Hoseini-Khamenei
  41. Joaquin Guzman
  42. Igor Sechin
  43. Dmitry Medvedev
  44. Mukesh Ambani
  45. Oprah Winfrey
  46. Benjamin Netanyahu
  47. Dominique Strauss-Kahn
  48. Zhou Xiaochuan
  49. John Roberts Jr.
  50. Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar
  51. William Keller
  52. Bernard Arnault
  53. Joseph S. Blatter
  54. Wadah Khanfar
  55. Lakshmi Mittal
  56. Nicolas Sarkozy
  57. Steve Jobs
  58. Fujio Mitarai
  59. Ratan Tata
  60. Jacques Rogge
  61. Li Rongrong
  62. Blairo Maggi
  63. Robert B. Zoellick
  64. Antonio Guterres
  65. Mark John Thompson
  66. Klaus Schwab
  67. Hugo Chavez

#1 Barack Obama

President
United States of America
Age: 48

AP Photo/Gerald Herbert
How powerful is he? Let’s count the ways: Presides over world’s largest, most innovative, most dynamic economy; commander-in-chief of planet’s richest, deadliest military; finger on button of nuclear arsenal containing more than 5,000 warheads; head-of-state of world’s sole superpower; his Democrats have majorities in both U.S. House and Senate; recently awarded Nobel Peace Prize, apparently for general awesomeness.

#2 Hu Jintao

President
People’s Republic of China
Age: 66

John Moore/Getty Images
Paramount political leader of more people than anyone else on the planet; 1.3 billion Chinese, some 70% in their prime working years of ages 15 to 64 powering world’s low-cost workshop, transforming nation. Biggest buyer of U.S. debt avoided Chinese meltdown during financial crisis with massive stimulus package to encourage domestic spending. “Coming-out party” at 2008 Beijing Olympic Games showcased young, modern, harmonious society; reality often quite different—few political, religious, press freedoms; brutal suppression of Tibet; refusal to acknowledge Taiwanese independence. Still, credible estimates have China poised to overtake U.S. as world’s largest economy in 25 years—although, crucially, not on a per-capita basis.

#3 Vladimir Putin

Prime Minister
Russia
Age: 57

ALEXEY DRUZHININ/AFP/Getty Images
Prime Minister might as well be known as Czar, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russians. Vastly more powerful than his handpicked head-of-state, President Dmitry Medvedev. Presides over one-ninth of Earth’s land area, vast energy and mineral resources. Former KGB officer unafraid to wield his power; invading Georgia, cutting off natural gas supplies to Ukraine or Western Europe (again). Declared nuclear power has veto on U.N.’s Security Council. The anti-Obama: “I’m deeply convinced that constant change is not for the better.”

#4 Ben S. Bernanke

Chairman
Federal Reserve
U.S.
Age: 55

AP Photo/Gerald Herbert
Former chairman of Princeton’s economics department and noted Great Depression scholar now guiding world’s largest economy through Great Recession; has overseen massive growth in Fed’s balance sheet, from less than $900 billion in liabilities in August 2008 to more than $2.1 trillion today. With federal funds rate now effectively 0%, the so-called Bernanke Doctrine calls for using monetary policy to stave off deflation. “The U.S. government has a technology, called a printing press, that allows it to produce as many dollars as it wishes at essentially no cost.”

#5 Sergey Brin and Larry Page

Founders
Google
U.S.
Age: 36

AP Photo/Paul Sakuma
If knowledge is power, maybe information is too. Brainy duo met in Stanford computer science Ph.D. program, now trying to put all the world’s information at your fingertips. Known for collecting best and brightest young tech talent at Mountain View, Calif., “Googleplex”; employees encouraged to spend one day a week on personal projects; company often named “Best Place To Work” in America. Google guys’ combined net worth of $30.6 billion would place them third on the Forbes 400. Yet despite professed intentions to “do no evil,” Google is blamed in some quarters for decimating traditional publishing, journalism. Brin: “Some say Google is God, others say Google is Satan.”
You can read the rest information at: http://www.forbes.com

Indonesia’s 40 Richest (Forbes)

So…one of the reason why Moslem should be rich… to give more charity… to be able to do more of things with his money to please Allah.. to spend it in the way of Allah… To spend our money first to help our close people….like what Allah says : “They ask thee what they should spend (In charity). Say: Whatever ye spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans and those in want and for wayfarers. And whatever ye do that is good, -(Allah) knoweth it well “.[4](http://rnuraini.blogspot.com)

The nation’s stock market rally helped its wealthiest tycoons double their fortunes.

Investors love Indonesia these days. The country’s benchmark stock index rose 115% in local currency in the past 12 months–Asia’s second best performer behind China’s Shenzhen SE Composite. It was No. 1 as measured in U.S. dollars. Reasons include better than expected economic growth, perceived stability, ushered in by the July re-election of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, and general resilience to the global recession that dragged down many other nations’ economies.No surprise then that the fortunes of Indonesia’s richest business people have rebounded strongly. The collective worth of the nation’s top 40 has doubled to $42 billion from $21 billion last year, and is up $2 billion from its prior peak in 2007. Of the dozen Asia Pacific jurisdictions for which we track wealth, only China has done as well (next was India; its titans have gained 65%).

Nine Indonesian tycoons at least tripled their wealth since last year. The country now has 12 billionaires with a combined wealth of $28 billion, up from seven billionaires, including Low Tuck Kwong, a coal tycoon who joins the ranks this year thanks to the red hot performance of his coal outfit, Bayan Resources; its stock was up 474% in the past year. Another coal billionaire is Aburizal Bakrie, whose holding in Bumi Resources also soared in value, helping him regain his billionaire status this year after nearly losing a bundle in the global credit crisis the previous year.

Indeed, global demand for Indonesia’s natural resources fueled the rise of many fortunes on this list. More than one-third of the top 40 make the bulk of their money in coal, palm oil or oil and gas, including four of the five newcomers. The richest new entrant is Ciliandra Fangiono, chief executive of palm oil firm First Resources. Sandiaga Uno, partner of Edwin Soeryadjaya, also makes his debut this year thanks to his interest in coal company Adaro Energy. He is one of four tycoons whose fortunes trace back to Adaro. We also welcomed brothers Kusnan and Rusdi Kirana to the list for the first time. Their budget carrier Lion Air is now the country’s second-largest airline.

Handily claiming the No. 1 spot for the first time are brothers and tobacco and banking tycoons R. Budi and Michael Hartono; we combined their fortunes this year to reflect the fact that this ranking, unlike Forbes’ Billionaires list, includes a number of family fortunes. Still, had they not been combined, their individual net worths of $3.5 billion apiece would have earned them the top two slots.

Only three Indonesian tycoons are poorer than they were last year, due in part to better information. The minimum required to make the list was $240 million, up from last year’s relatively paltry $55 million and double the $120 million required in 2007. Five of last year’s list members did not meet that threshold, despite three getting richer, including Hadi Surya, whose Berlian Laju Tanker secured a 30-year contract to transport liquefied natural gas for BP ( BP news people ). Another notable dropoff is former vice president and presidential candidate Jusuf Kalla.

Net worths were calculated using Nov. 20 stock prices and exchange rates. Privately held companies were valued by comparing them with similar publicly traded companies.

Additional reporting by Keren Blankenfeld, Carolin Chen, Lan Anh Nguyen, Luisa Kroll, Noelle Lim and Simon Montlake.

Rank Name Net Worth ($mil) Age
1 R. Budi & Michael Hartono 7,000 68/70
2 Martua Sitorus 3,000 49
3 Susilo Wonowidjojo 2,600 NA
4 Aburizal Bakrie 2,500 63
5 Eka Tjipta Widjaja 2,400 86
6 Peter Sondakh 2,100 57
7 Putera Sampoerna 2,000 61
8 Sukanto Tanoto 1,900 59
9 Anthoni Salim 1,400 60
10 Soegiharto Sosrodjojo 1,200 79
11 Low Tuck Kwong 1,180 61
12 Eddy William Katuari 1,100 58
13 Chairul Tanjung 990 46
14 Garibaldi Thohir 930 44
15 Theodore Rachmat 900 66
16 Edwin Soeryadjaya 800 60
17 Trihatma Haliman 750 57
18 Ciliandra Fangiono 710 33
19 Arifin Panigoro 650 64
20 Murdaya Poo 600 68
21 Hashim Djojohadikusumo 500 55
22 Kusnan & Rusdi Kirana 480 50/46
23 Prajogo Pangestu 475 58
24 Harjo Sutanto 470 83
25 Mochtar Riady 440 80
26 Eka Tjandranegara 430 63
27 Ciputra 420 78
28 Hary Tanoesoedibjo 410 44
29 Sandiaga Uno 400 40
30 Boenjamin Setiawan 395 76
31 Alim Markus 350 58
32 Aksa Mahmud 330 64
33 Sutanto Djuhar 325 80
34 Kartini Muljadi 320 79
35 Soegiarto Adikoesoemo 300 71
36 George Santosa Tahija & Sjakon George Tahija 290 51/56
37 Paulus Tumewu 280 57
38 Husain Djojonegoro 260 60
39 Bachtiar Karim 250 52
40 Kris Wiluan 240 61

Details:

#1 R. Budi & Michael Hartono

Net Worth: $7 billion
Age: 68/70
Industry: Banking
Married, 3 children/Married, 4 children
Brothers own nation’s second-biggest clove cigarette maker, Djarum. Recent U.S. ban of its clove cigarettes won’t likely have big impact given massive Indonesian market. Besides, most of fortune now held in Bank Central Asia, whose net profits were up 27% for first three quarters of year. Own Grand Indonesia, high-end mall and office building.

#2 Martua Sitorus

The Business Times © Singapore Press Holdings Ltd.
Net Worth: $3 billion
Age: 49
Industry: Palm Oil
Married, 4 children
Director and joint chief operating officer of agribusiness Wilmar International, which he cofounded in 1991. Company posted 24% gain in net profits for first 9 months of year, despite a 27% drop in revenues, due to lower commodities prices.

#3 Susilo Wonowidjojo

Net Worth: $2.6 billion
Age: NA
Industry: Tobacco

With family, owns Gudang Garam, country’s largest clove cigarette maker; name means “salt warehouse.” Shares hit 4-year high in wake of big deal in which British American Tobacco bought majority stake in its rival Bentoel International. Susilo was named president in June, replacing nonfamily member who left in February. He and brother Sumarto sit on company’s board while sister Juni Setiawati is a company commissioner. Brother Rachman Halim ran business until his 2008 death.

#4 Aburizal Bakrie

Adek Berry/AFP/Getty Images
Net Worth: $2.5 billion
Age: 63
Industry: Coal
Married, 3 children
Family’s holding firm, Bakrie & Brothers, teetered on brink last year but restructured $1.3 billion in debt. Value of its stake in Indonesian coal producer Bumi Resources has jumped, thanks in part to $1.9 billion loan from China Investment Corp. In October elected chairman of Indonesia’s Golkar party, part of ruling coalition.

#5 Eka Tjipta Widjaja

The Straits Times © Singapore Press Holdings Ltd.
Net Worth: $2.4 billion
Age: 86
Industry: Palm Oil
Married, 15 children
Family best known for escaping Asian financial crisis of the 90s; its Asia Pulp & Paper defaulted on more than $10 billion in debt at the time. Now derives bulk of fortune from holdings in Golden Agri-Resources, palm oil producer run by son Franky, and in Asia Food & Properties; shares of both more than doubled in past year. Chinese immigrant got start selling biscuits.
The remaining profiles can be read at: